STORAGE OF TIRES
Tires should be stored indoors, should be kept away from ozone-creating environments such as sunlight and electric motors. Tires should be protected from contact with chemicals and moisture, should be stored in an upright position without interfering with the load.
MOUNTING AND DISMANTLING OF THE TIRES
Use the rim, outer and inner column dimensions of which are specified in the vehicle owner's manual. Make sure the rim is clean. For new tires, use new inner tubes, columns and tubeless valves depending on the type. Make sure that the inside of the tire is clean. Have the tire mounting done by suitable machines and experts. Center the tire fitted on the belt, apply a special lubricant solution to the heels and rim. Never use detergents, oils and silicones. Make sure the valve and cap are clean and new. After taking the necessary safety precautions, inflate with dry air according to the values in the instruction manual. (For safety reasons, the inflation cage should be used.)
POINTS TO BE CONSIDERED IN TIRE USE
Tire Air Pressure:
Pressures other than those specified in the catalogs will shorten tire life. When the tires are cold, the tires should be checked every fifteen days with a solid air gauge.
The load values specified in the vehicle catalog must not be exceeded.
Mechanical arrangement: the front arrangement, balance and brake settings must be checked according to the recommendations of the vehicle and tire manufacturers.
Rough Road Conditions and Misuse:
Sudden braking, ramps and pits shall damage the tire.
Make sure that the tires are the same size. Do not match the new and used tires. Do not use winter tires outside the winter season. Do not use for safety reasons when the tread depth of the tires exceeds the safety limit. Replace your old tires with a new one.
What are the Main Parts of a tire?
Tires consist of 4 main parts. The part of the tire that is in contact with the ground and where there is the pattern is called the tread or base, the side of the tire where the tire information is located is named as sidewall, the part of the tire sitting on the rim is called heel or palate, and passage area of the back and sidewall is called shoulder.
Tread : The area of the tire in contact with the ground.
Sidewall : The side of the tire between the heel and shoulder area, providing flexibility to the tyre and having marking and identification information.
Heel: This is the area of the tire that comes into contact with the rim and allows it to be firmly attached.
Shoulder: The area where the back and sidewall meet and which is made of thick rubber.
It is the first body structure used at the beginning of tire technology. The textile-based "cord" yarns that form the body of these tires are placed on top of each other diagonally at an angle of 35-40 degrees to the tire direction. This structure is also called diagonal or conventional. It is specified by "-" or "D" in the dimension definition.
Tubeless and Tube-Type Tires:
It is the pressure of the air that is compressed between the rim and the tires, which meets the reaction force corresponding to the load in the vehicles. Tires are only jackets where the air pressure is compressed. The compressed air pressure is maintained by the liner layer which is applied to the inner tubes or the inner side of the tires and which provides sealing. Tubes used with inner tubes are called Tube-Type, tubeless tires used without tubes are called Tubeless tires.
Factors Affecting Performance and Life of Tire
Air Pressure :
Improper air pressure causes irreparable and premature wear of the tire, as well as a damage that cannot be repaired in the future. The air pressure should be measured when the tire is cold and the air pressure values specified by the vehicle manufacturers must be observed.
The tread area is the part of tire that presses on the road. Traction decreases as the tire ages. Over time, the pattern on your tire will wear out and become unusable. Using tyres with a tread depth of less than 3.0 mm is dangerous for life and property and is prohibited by law in many countries.
Load Amount and Loading Form:
Loading on the vehicle that exceed vehicle carrying capacity determined by the vehicle manufacturer causes rapid heating of the tire and rapid wear to sidewall, shoulder and bead areas. Unbalanced loads also have a negative impact on tire life.
Have your brake systems checked at intervals recommended by the vehicle manufacturer. Unbalanced brakes cause irregular and rapid wear on the tyres. In sudden and hard braking, the force distribution will be different as per the tire, so the possibility of block type wear increases.
Tire Selection According to Vehicle Conditions:
The size and ply rating of the tire specified in the vehicle manual must be used.
Tire Performance and Its Life:
In addition to these factors, the driving habits of the vehicle user may vary depending on other factors such as the level of maintenance of the vehicle